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Inflammation is a fundamental and beneficial response of the immune system designed to protect the body from harm, such as infections and injuries, but when this defence mechanism is compromised, it becomes chronic or excessive. Various health conditions, including autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease, show up when inflammation goes awry. In this blog, we will delve into the reasons behind the onset of inflammation and explore ways to prevent and manage it effectively.

Why Do Cells Become Inflamed?

Inflammation is a complex biological response involving a cascade of events in the body. It can be triggered by a wide range of factors, both external and internal. Some common causes of inflammation include


One of the primary reasons for inflammation is the presence of pathogens, such as parasites, bacteria, viruses, and fungi. When the body detects an infection, it releases immune cells and chemicals to fight off the invaders. This influx of immune cells to the infected area causes redness, swelling, warmth, and pain – classic signs of inflammation.

Tissue Injury

Physical injuries, like cuts, burns, or trauma, can also lead to inflammation. The damaged cells release signalling molecules that attract immune cells to repair the injured tissue. While this process is essential for healing, excessive inflammation can cause discomfort and delay recovery.

Autoimmune Diseases

In cases of autoimmune diseases, the body’s immune system mistakenly targets its tissues as foreign invaders. Conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and multiple sclerosis can result in chronic inflammation as the immune system constantly attacks healthy cells and tissues.

Lifestyle Factors

Poor dietary choices, lack of physical activity, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption can contribute to chronic inflammation. These factors can lead to obesity, which is associated with increased inflammation in adipose tissue.


Environmental Toxins

Exposure to environmental pollutants, such as air pollution, heavy metals, and chemicals, can trigger inflammation. These toxins can disrupt normal cellular processes, leading to chronic inflammation over time.

Can Inflammation be Prevented or Managed?

Preventing and managing inflammation is crucial for maintaining overall health and preventing chronic diseases with these 7 key strategies

  1. Avoid or Minimise Processed Foods: Processed foods negatively impact the composition and diversity of the gut microbiota as they can be high in sugar, unhealthy fats, and additives that promote inflammation. They also often contain a variety of additives and preservatives to extend shelf life, enhance flavour, or improve texture, as well as trans fats and excessive saturated fats that promote the production of pro-inflammatory molecules called cytokines. A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help reduce inflammation. Foods like berries, fatty fish (salmon, mackerel), nuts, and olive oil are known for their anti-inflammatory properties.
  2. Avoid Smoking and Excess Alcohol: Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption are known to increase inflammation in the body. Quitting smoking and moderating alcohol intake can have significant anti-inflammatory effects.
  3. Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity can lower inflammation markers in the body. Exercise helps maintain a healthy weight, improves circulation, and enhances the body’s response to insulin, reducing the risk of inflammation-related diseases.
  4. Adequate Sleep: Getting enough quality sleep is essential for regulating inflammation. Aim for 7-9 hours of sleep per night to support your body’s natural repair processes.
  5. Stress Management: Chronic stress can contribute to inflammation. Practicing relaxation techniques like meditation, deep breathing, qigong, and yoga can help reduce stress and inflammation.
  6. Weight Management: Excess body fat can produce inflammatory substances. Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial in preventing inflammation, as a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins and regular exercise are key components of weight management.
  7. Nutritional Supplements: Certain supplements, such as omega-3 fatty acids, turmeric, and curcumin, have anti-inflammatory properties and can complement a healthy diet. Consult with a healthcare professional before adding supplements to your routine.

Inflammation is a complex biological process that can have both protective and detrimental effects on the body. Understanding the causes and triggers of inflammation is essential for preventing and managing chronic inflammatory conditions, such as autoimmune diseases, arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease. By adopting a healthy lifestyle, seeking medical guidance when necessary, and making informed choices, individuals can effectively reduce the impact of inflammation on their overall health and well-being.